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J Drug Target. 2007 Aug-Sep;15(7-8):518-30.

Antitumor activity of new liposomal prodrug of mitomycin C in multidrug resistant solid tumor: insights of the mechanism of action.

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ALZA Corporation, Mountain View, CA, USA.


The antitumor activity of a novel thiolytically cleavable lipid-based prodrug of mitomycin C (MMC) delivered by STEALTH liposomes (SL) was studied in drug resistant human ovarian carcinoma A2780/AD model and compared with free MMC and both free and SL forms of an established anticancer drug--doxorubicin (DOX). It was found that SL-prodrug (SL-pMMC) possessed enhanced antitumor activity when compared with the parent MMC, free DOX, and SL-DOX. An observance of the high antitumor efficiency of SL-pMMC was a result of its preferential accumulation in the tumor by the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect, suppression of multidrug resistance (MDR) associated with P-glycoprotein and MRP drug efflux pumps, activation of caspase-dependent apoptosis signaling pathways and suppression of antiapoptotic cellular defense by increasing the BAX/BCL2 ratio. Consequently, the described SL-pMMC formulations can be considered good candidates for the chemotherapy of multidrug resistant tumors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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