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Int J Oncol. 2007 Sep;31(3):627-32.

Induction of interleukin-8 (CXCL-8) by tumor necrosis factor-alpha and leukemia inhibitory factor in pancreatic carcinoma cells: Impact of CXCL-8 as an autocrine growth factor.

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Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.


Pancreatic carcinoma is one of the most lethal of the gastrointestinal malignant tumors. Chronic inflammation leads to cancer development and progression. Interleukin-8 (CXCL-8) is a CXC chemokine, which plays an important role in neutrophil chemotaxis and activation. We previously reported that CXCL-8 was produced by a variety of human carcinoma cells and tissues, and that CXCL-8 promoted proliferation in pancreatic carcinoma cells (SUIT-2). In the present study, we analyzed whether various cytokines affect cell proliferation by CXCL-8 expression in pancreas carcinoma cells. All examined pancreatic carcinoma cells expressed CXCL-8 and TNFRII mRNA constitutively in RPMI-1640 medium without FBS. TNF-alpha, LIF, IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, or IFN-beta enhanced the expression of CXCL-8 mRNA, but IL-10 did not in Hs-700T cells. Actinomycin D suppressed and cycloheximide augmented CXCL-8 mRNA which was induced by TNF-alpha or not. The half-life of CXCL-8 mRNA was 36.5 min by TNF-alpha and 35.2 min by no stimulation. In our previous study, LIF promoted cell growth in Hs-700T cells. LIF induced CXCL-8 mRNA in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Addition of recombinant CXCL-8 did not induce cell growth of Hs-700T. Anti-CXCL-8 IgG significantly suppressed cell growth. CXCL-8 would act as an autocrine growth factor in Hs-700T cells, which expressed CXCL-8 mRNA highly without stimulation. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), NF-kappaB inhibitor, suppressed cell proliferation in Hs-700T cells. These results suggest that CXCL-8 plays a pivotal role in progression of pancreatic cancer, and its expression is influenced by inflammatory cytokines in pancreatic tumor microenvironment.

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