Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2007 Oct;293(4):C1187-208. Epub 2007 Aug 1.

Functional significance of channels and transporters expressed in the inner ear and kidney.

Author information

Department of Physiology, Eberhard-Karls-University of Tübingen, Gmelinstrasse 5, Tübingen, Germany.

Erratum in

  • Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2007 Dec;293(6):C2001.


A number of ion channels and transporters are expressed in both the inner ear and kidney. In the inner ear, K(+) cycling and endolymphatic K(+), Na(+), Ca(2+), and pH homeostasis are critical for normal organ function. Ion channels and transporters involved in K(+) cycling include K(+) channels, Na(+)-2Cl(-)-K(+) cotransporter, Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, Cl(-) channels, connexins, and K(+)/Cl(-) cotransporters. Furthermore, endolymphatic Na(+) and Ca(2+) homeostasis depends on Ca(2+)-ATPase, Ca(2+) channels, Na(+) channels, and a purinergic receptor channel. Endolymphatic pH homeostasis involves H(+)-ATPase and Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchangers including pendrin. Defective connexins (GJB2 and GJB6), pendrin (SLC26A4), K(+) channels (KCNJ10, KCNQ1, KCNE1, and KCNMA1), Na(+)-2Cl(-)-K(+) cotransporter (SLC12A2), K(+)/Cl(-) cotransporters (KCC3 and KCC4), Cl(-) channels (BSND and CLCNKA + CLCNKB), and H(+)-ATPase (ATP6V1B1 and ATPV0A4) cause hearing loss. All these channels and transporters are also expressed in the kidney and support renal tubular transport or signaling. The hearing loss may thus be paralleled by various renal phenotypes including a subtle decrease of proximal Na(+)-coupled transport (KCNE1/KCNQ1), impaired K(+) secretion (KCNMA1), limited HCO(3)(-) elimination (SLC26A4), NaCl wasting (BSND and CLCNKB), renal tubular acidosis (ATP6V1B1, ATPV0A4, and KCC4), or impaired urinary concentration (CLCNKA). Thus, defects of channels and transporters expressed in the kidney and inner ear result in simultaneous dysfunctions of these seemingly unrelated organs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center