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Br J Cancer. 2007 Sep 3;97(5):593-7. Epub 2007 Jul 31.

Irinotecan, docetaxel and oxaliplatin combination in metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma.

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Division of Medical Oncology B, 'Regina Elena' Institute for Cancer Research, Via Elio Chianesi, 53, Rome 00144, Italy.


This phase II study was designed to evaluate the activity and safety of a combination of irinotecan, docetaxel and oxaliplatin in metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma. Forty patients with measurable distant metastasis received irinotecan 150 mg m(-2) and docetaxel 60 mg m(-2) on day 1, and oxaliplatin 85 mg m(-2) on day 2. Cycles were repeated every 3 weeks. The primary end point was to demonstrate a 50% improvement in time-to-progression (TTP) over historical controls. All patients were evaluable. Median TTP was 6.5 months (95% confidence interval (CI) 5.6-7.4), the overall response rate was 50% (95% CI 35-65%) and the median overall survival was 11.5 months (95% CI 8.7-14.3). Grade 3/4 neutropaenia occurred in 47.5% of patients. There were four episodes of febrile neutropaenia in three patients. Other non-haematological grade 3 toxicities included diarrhoea in four patients (10%), vomiting in three patients (7.5%) and mucositis in two patients (5%). The irinotecan, docetaxel and oxaliplatin combination chemotherapy is an active and well-tolerated novel regimen for treating metastatic gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma and deserves further evaluation in randomised trials and in combination with molecular targeting agents.

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