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J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2007 Jul-Aug;22(4):248-56.

An evidence-based review of cognitive and behavioral rehabilitation treatment studies in children with acquired brain injury.

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1
Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago 60612, and Children's Specialized Hospital, Mountainside, NJ, USA. llaatsch@uic.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to complete a systematic evidence-based review of published cognitive and behavioral treatment studies with pediatric subjects who have a history of an acquired brain injury (ABI).

DATA SOURCES:

We utilized PubMed and EMBASE to search peer-reviewed journals from 1980 to 2006.

DATA SELECTION:

Terms such as cognitive rehabilitation, speech therapy, language therapy, and behavior therapy were employed in the search and 28 studies met established criteria.

DATA EXTRACTION:

The data extracted from each study included specific details about the cognitive or behavioral treatment, subjects, study design, outcome measurements, and treatment effectiveness.

DATA SYNTHESIS:

The studies, involving 366 children and youth with ABI, were classified as 1 Class I study, 5 Class II studies, 6 Class III studies, and 16 Class IV studies.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite a limited number of studies, 2 treatment recommendations and 1 option were developed from this systematic literature search.

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