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Biol Pharm Bull. 2007 Aug;30(8):1384-9.

Blocking effect of anti-Dectin-1 antibodies on the anti-tumor activity of 1,3-beta-glucan and the binding of Dectin-1 to 1,3-beta-glucan.

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Laboratory for Immunopharmacology of Microbial Products, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Hachioji, Japan.


Schizophyllan (SPG) is used to treat cervical cancer in combination with irradiation to enhance the immunological surveillance system. Dectin-1 is a cell surface receptor for 1,3-beta-glucan. In this study, we prepared two anti-Dectin-1 monoclonal antibodies, 4B2 and SC30 having a K(D) of 7.04 x 10(-8) M and 1.55 x 10(-7) M, respectively, and evaluated the role of Dectin-1 in SPG-induced anti-tumor activity in mice. Expression of Dectin-1 on peritoneal macrophages and binding of SPG to the cells were decreased by administration of 4B2 and SC30. SPG-mediated anti-tumor activity was inhibited by 4B2 and SC30. 4B2 and SC30 inhibited the binding of SPG to splenocytes from mice. The binding of SPG-biotin to Dectin-1-transfected HEK293 cells was inhibited by 4B2, but not SC30. 4B2 and SC30 differ in their influence on Dectin-1 between primary cells and transduced cells, and Dectin-1 effects 1,3-beta-glucan-mediated anti-tumor activity in mice by binding to SPG.

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