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Oncogene. 1991 Dec;6(12):2297-304.

Dominant inhibitory Ras mutants demonstrate the requirement for Ras activity in the action of tyrosine kinase oncogenes.

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Department of Molecular Biology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio 44106.


Two inhibitory Ras mutant proteins [(Asn 17) Ras and RAST] were microinjected into NIH3T3 cells in order to compare their inhibitory activity with that of a neutralizing anti-ras antibody. Both mutants were able to block efficiently the mitogenic effects of serum added to quiescent NIH3T3 cells. Furthermore, each of the inhibitors blocked cell cycle progression at the same point as the injected anti-ras antibody, just prior to the initiation of a new round of DNA synthesis. Finally, as with the injected anti-ras antibody, each of the inhibitors was efficiently able to block proliferation and reverse the transformed morphology of cells transformed by tyrosine kinase oncogenes, while cells transformed by serine kinase oncogenes were unaffected. Therefore, results with all three reagents clearly indicate that cellular Ras activity is required in the late G1 phase of the cell cycle and is essential for the maintenance of the transformed phenotype induced by tyrosine but not serine kinase oncogenes. These studies demonstrate the utility of dominant inhibitory mutants as a means of interfering with the activity of cellular oncogenes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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