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Expert Opin Ther Targets. 2007 Aug;11(8):993-1004.

Cathelicidins and functional analogues as antisepsis molecules.

Author information

1
University of British Columbia, Centre for Microbial Diseases and Immunity Research, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Abstract

The emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria together with the limited success of sepsis therapeutics has lead to an urgent need for the development of alternative strategies for the treatment of systemic inflammatory response syndrome and related disorders. Immunomodulatory compounds that do not target the pathogen directly (therefore limiting the development of pathogen resistance), and target multiple inflammatory mediators, are attractive candidates as novel therapeutics. Cationic host defence peptides such as cathelicidins have been demonstrated to be selectively immunomodulatory in that they can confer anti-infective immunity and modulate the inflammatory cascade through multiple points of intervention. The human cathelicidin LL-37, for example, has modest direct antimicrobial activity under physiological conditions, but has been demonstrated to have potent antiendotoxin activity in animal models, as well as the ability to resolve certain bacterial infections. A novel synthetic immunomodulatory peptide, IDR-1, built on this same theme has no direct antimicrobial activity, but is effective in restricting many types of infection, while limiting pro-inflammatory responses. The ability of these peptides to selectively suppress harmful pro-inflammatory responses, while maintaining beneficial infection-fighting components of host innate defences makes them a good model for antisepsis therapies that merit further investigation.

PMID:
17665972
DOI:
10.1517/14728222.11.8.993
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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