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J Biol Chem. 2007 Oct 19;282(42):30423-33. Epub 2007 Jul 30.

Basal activation of p70S6K results in adipose-specific insulin resistance in protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B -/- mice.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Merck Frosst Centre for Therapeutic Research, Pointe-Claire-Dorval, Quebec, H9R 4P8, Canada.


Although protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP-1B) is a negative regulator of insulin action, adipose tissue from PTP-1B-/- mice does not show enhanced insulin-stimulated insulin receptor phosphorylation. Investigation of glucose uptake in isolated adipocytes revealed that the adipocytes from PTP-1B-/- mice have a significantly attenuated insulin response as compared with PTP-1B+/+ adipocytes. This insulin resistance manifests in PTP-1B-/- animals older than 16 weeks of age and could be partially rescued by adenoviral expression of PTP-1B in null adipocytes. Examination of adipose signaling pathways found that the basal p70S6K activity was at least 50% higher in adipose from PTP-1B-/- mice compared with wild type animals. The increased basal activity of p70S6K in PTP-1B-/- adipose correlated with decreases in IR substrate-1 protein levels and insulin-stimulated Akt/protein kinase B activity, explaining the decrease in insulin sensitivity even as insulin receptor phosphorylation was unaffected. The insulin resistance of the of the PTP-1B-/- adipocytes could also be rescued by treatment with rapamycin, suggesting that in adipose the loss of PTP-1B results in basal activation of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) complex 1 leading to a tissue-specific insulin resistance.

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