Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Free Radic Biol Med. 2007 Sep 1;43(5):730-9. Epub 2007 May 10.

Paraoxonases are associated with intestinal inflammatory diseases and intracellularly localized to the endoplasmic reticulum.

Author information

  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Meyer Children's Hospital, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.


We demonstrated previously that the paraoxonase (PON1/2/3) genes and proteins are expressed in human intestinal biopsies and in Caco-2 cells. The current study aims were to explore whether PON1/2/3 expression is different in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) or celiac disease compared to healthy controls, and to explore the intracellular localization of PON1/2/3. Our results showed that significantly fewer biopsies expressed PON1 and PON3 in the duodenum of celiac patients (PON1, P<0.0001; PON3, P=0.03), in the terminal ileum of Crohn's patients (PON1, P=0.001; PON3, P=0.008), and in the colon of UC patients (PON1, P=0.02; PON3, P=0.06) compared to controls. Since all three disorders share markedly elevated inflammatory mediators we explored the PON1/2/3 mRNA expression on cytokine stimulation. No changes were observed in Caco-2 and HT29 cells. Immunofluorescence experiments localized PON1/2/3 exclusively to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in both CaCo-2 and HT29 cells. These results demonstrate for the first time a novel relationship between PON1 and PON3 expression and several inflammatory gastrointestinal disorders. Together with the localization of PON1/2/3 enzymes to the ER, it may be suggested that PON1/2/3 may have extracellular functions as part of the host response in IBD and celiac disease.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center