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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2007 Oct;40(7):677-81. Epub 2007 Jul 30.

G6PD deficiency from lyonization after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from female heterozygous donors.

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Department of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.


To determine whether during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), X-chromosome inactivation (lyonization) of donor HSC might change after engraftment in recipients, the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) gene of 180 female donors was genotyped by PCR/allele-specific primer extension, and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry/Sequenom MassARRAY analysis. X-inactivation was determined by semiquantitative PCR for the HUMARA gene before/after HpaII digestion. X-inactivation was preserved in most cases post-HSCT, although altered skewing of lyonization might occur to either of the X-chromosomes. Among pre-HSCT clinicopathologic parameters analyzed, only recipient gender significantly affected skewing. Seven donors with normal G6PD biochemically but heterozygous for G6PD mutants were identified. Owing to lyonization changes, some donor-recipient pairs showed significantly different G6PD levels. In one donor-recipient pair, extreme lyonization affecting the wild-type G6PD allele occurred, causing biochemical G6PD deficiency in the recipient. In HSCT from asymptomatic female donors heterozygous for X-linked recessive disorders, altered lyonization might cause clinical diseases in the recipients.

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