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J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2007 Apr-Jun;25(2):65-8.

Effect of antiasthmatic medication on dental disease: dental caries and periodontal disease.

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1
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, India. drshashikiran@yahoo.com

Abstract

The prevalence of asthma has been increasing since the 1980s. Asthma and tooth decay are the two major causes of school absenteeism. There are few studies present in the literature. The objectives of the present study were to know the severity of dental caries and periodontal problems in children before and after taking antiasthmatic medication. The present study was conducted on 105, six- to fourteen-year-old asthmatic children to determine the condition of their dental caries and their periodontal status before and after taking antiasthmatic medication, for a period of 1 year and these were matched with their controls. The results showed that salbutamol inhaler shows increased caries rate with high significance over other groups, which was followed by salbutamol tablets and beclamethasone inhaler respectively. It has been concluded that antiasthmatic medication has its effects on dental caries and periodontal disease and asthmatic patients are recommended to adopt more precautionary oral hygiene practices and keep their caries activity and periodontal health under constant check.

PMID:
17660639
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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