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J Rheumatol. 1991 Oct;18(10):1520-8.

High resolution computed tomography in early scleroderma lung disease.

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1
Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425.

Abstract

Seventeen patients with early systemic sclerosis (SSc) underwent high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the chest to evaluate dyspnea and/or abnormal pulmonary function tests (PFT). All patients were assigned a dyspnea score and each had routine chest radiography (CXR). Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed on 10 patients. HRCT was abnormal in 15 patients (88%), while CXR was abnormal in only 10 patients (59%). Mediastinal lymphadenopathy was detected in 7 patients (41%). Disease duration, dyspnea score, and forced vital capacity (FVC) did not correlate with HRCT score. However, trends toward higher total BAL cell counts and higher BAL neutrophil counts were noted in patients with ground glass opacities on HRCT, and BAL lymphocyte counts were significantly higher in such cases. HRCT is superior to CXR for detecting early interstitial lung disease in SSc, but patient history and FVC correlate poorly with HRCT findings. Ground glass opacities on HRCT may reflect active alveolitis, and mediastinal lymphadenopathy associated with SSc lung disease may be a consequence of pulmonary inflammation.

PMID:
1765976
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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