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J Affect Disord. 2008 Jan;105(1-3):1-14. Epub 2007 Jul 19.

Restoring melancholia in the classification of mood disorders.

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1
Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, Illinois, United States.

Abstract

The present DSM criteria for major depression poorly identify samples for treatment selection, prognosis, and assessments of pathophysiology. Melancholia, in contrast, is a disorder with definable clinical signs that can be verified by laboratory tests and treatment response. It identifies more specific populations than the present system and deserves individual identification in psychiatric classification. Its re-introduction will refine diagnosis, prognosis, treatment selection, and studies of pathophysiology of a large segment of the psychiatrically ill.

PMID:
17659352
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2007.05.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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