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J Med Chem. 2007 Aug 23;50(17):4162-76. Epub 2007 Jul 21.

Design, synthesis, and biological activity of 5,10-dihydro-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepin-11-one-based potent and selective Chk-1 inhibitors.

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R47B, Cancer Research, Global Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois 60064, USA.


A novel series of 5,10-dihydro-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepin-11-ones have been synthesized as potent and selective checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1) inhibitors via structure-based design. Aided by protein X-ray crystallography, medicinal chemistry efforts led to the identification of compound 46d, with potent enzymatic activity against Chk1 kinase. While maintaining a low cytotoxicity of its own, compound 46d exhibited a strong ability to abrogate G2 arrest and increased the cytotoxicity of camptothecin by 19-fold against SW620 cells. Pharmacokinetic studies revealed that it had a moderate bioavailabilty of 20% in mice. Two important binding interactions between compound 46b and Chk1 kinase, revealed by X-ray cocrystal structure, were hydrogen bonds between the hinge region and the amide bond of the core structure and a hydrogen bond between the methoxy group and Lys38 of the protein.

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