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Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2008 Jan-Feb;24(1):52-8.

Adipocytokine profile of type 2 diabetics in metabolic syndrome as defined by various criteria.

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College of Science, Biochemistry Department, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.



This study aims to identify which among the metabolic syndrome (MS) definitions are closely associated with pathological levels of leptin, adiponectin, resistin, tumour necrosis alpha (TNF-alpha) and C-reactive protein (CRP) among type 2 diabetics.


Three hundred and five (160 males; 145 females) adult type 2 diabetic Saudis participated in this cross-sectional study. Leptin, adiponectin, resistin, TNF-alpha and CRP were analysed, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). Each participant was screened for MS based on the definitions of WHO, AHA/NHLBI and IDF.


IDF holds the most identified patients [190 (62.3%)] in both, males [107 (66.9%)], and females [83 (57.2%)]. In males, hyperleptinemia, hypoadiponectinemia and hyperresistinemia were strongest in the AHA/NHLBI-defined MS [odds ratio (95% confidence interval 'CI') of 2.03 (1.05-3.93); 1.31 (0.55-3.1); 1.63 (0.42-6.4) respectively]. The risk of elevated CRP was highest on the WHO definition [odds ratio (95% CI) of 2.04 (0.46-9.04)]. In females, the IDF-defined MS has the strongest association in all four parameters: odds ratio (95% CI), as follows: leptin [2.09 (0.14-30.71)]; adiponectin [6.00 (0.47-76.17)]; resistin [0.47 (0.18-1.23)] and CRP [3.07 (0.21-45.10)].


Gender differences exist in assessing the risk of various adipocytokine abnormalities in relation to the various criteria. This study supports the use of IDF definition among females and AHA/NHLBI in males in studies involving MS and obesity, since these definitions hold stronger predicting powers in detecting pathological levels of key adipocytokines.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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