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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2008 Jan;38(1):47-56. Epub 2007 Jul 26.

Fenretinide corrects newly found ceramide deficiency in cystic fibrosis.

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McGill University Health Center, Montreal General Hospital Research Institute, 1650 Cedar Avenue, Room L11-218, Montreal, PQ, H3G 1A4 Canada.


Chronic and persistent lung infections cause the majority of morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Galactosyl ceramide has been previously shown to be involved in Pseudomonas internalization. Therefore, we assessed ceramide levels in the plasma of patients with CF and compared them to healthy volunteers using high-performance liquid chromatography followed by mass spectrometry. Our results demonstrate that patients with CF display significantly lower levels of several ceramide sphingolipid species, specifically C14:0, C20:1, C22:0, C22:1, and C24:0 ceramides, and dihydroxy ceramide (DHC16:0). We report that Cftr-knockout mice display diminished ceramide levels in CF-related organs (lung, pancreas, ileum, and plasma) compared with their littermate controls. Since it has been previously reported that in vitro treatment with fenretinide induced ceramide in neuroblastoma cell lines, we decided to test this drug in vivo using our Cftr-knockout mice in an attempt to correct this newly identified defect in ceramide levels. We demonstrate that treatment with fenretinide is able to increase ceramide concentrations in CF-related organs. We further assessed the biological effect of fenretinide on the ability of Cftr-knockout mice to combat lung infection with P. aeruginosa. Our data show dramatic improvement in the ability of Cftr-knockout mice to control P. aeruginosa infection. Overall, these findings not only document a novel deficiency in several ceramide species in patients with CF, but also demonstrate a pharmacologic means to correct this defect in Cftr-knockout mice. Our data provide a strong rationale for clinical intervention that may benefit patients with CF suffering from CF lung disease.

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