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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2007 Sep;43(3):308-18. Epub 2007 Jun 22.

Phospholipase Cgamma1 signalling regulates lipopolysaccharide-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression in cardiomyocytes.

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  • 1Center for Critical Illness Research, Lawson Health Research Institute, London Health Sciences Center, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 4G5.


Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in cardiomyocytes, which plays a role in myocardial depression during endotoxemia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of phosphatidylinositol (PI)-phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLCgamma1) in cardiac COX-2 expression in vitro and in vivo. In cultured mouse neonatal cardiomyocytes, LPS increased PLCgamma1 phosphorylation and COX-2 expression. Knockdown of PLCgamma1 with specific siRNA or inhibition of PI-PLC with U73122 attenuated COX-2 mRNA and protein expression induced by LPS (1 microg/ml). PLCgamma1 activation by LPS also increased ERK1/2 MAPK phosphorylation, and inhibition of ERK1/2 MAPK blocked the effect of PLCgamma1 on COX-2 expression. Furthermore, activation of PLCgamma1 is a consequence of the Src family activation since inhibition of Src abrogated whereas over-expression of Src enhanced PLCgamma1 phosphorylation and COX-2 expression in LPS-stimulated cardiomyocytes. To investigate the role of PLCgamma1 in endotoxemia, wild-type and PLCgamma1(+/-) adult mice were pre-treated with U73122, or its inactive analog, U73343 (9 mg/kg, i.p.), or vehicle for 15 min followed by LPS (4 mg/kg, i.p.) for 4 h. U73122 or heterozygous deletion of PLCgamma1 decreased cardiac COX-2 expression. The phosphorylation of ERK1/2 MAPK induced by LPS was also attenuated in U73122- or PLCgamma1(+/-) compared to U73343-treated or wild-type littermate hearts, respectively. In conclusion, our study suggests that PLCgamma1 signalling represents a novel pathway regulating cardiac COX-2 expression during LPS stimulation. The Src family is responsible for PLCgamma1 activation, which signals the ERK1/2 MAPK pathway, resulting in COX-2 production in LPS-stimulated cardiomyocytes.

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