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Rev Iberoam Micol. 1998 Jun;15(2):65-8.

Possible role of secreted proteinases in Candida albicans infections.

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1
Institute for General Botany, Applied Molecular Biology III, University of Hamburg, Germany. Bernhard.Hube@hki-jena.de.

Abstract

Extracellular proteolytic activity of the human pathogen Candida albicans is due to the activity of at least nine secreted aspartyl proteinase (Sap) isoenzymes. SAP1-9 genes are differentially regulated both in vitro and in vivo at the transcriptional level. All SAP genes are translated into preproenzymes, which are processed by a signal peptidase and a Kex2-like proteinase. In vitro experiments using purified Saps suggested that active Saps may play a role in attachment, colonization, penetration of host tissues and immune evasion. In vivo expression of SAP1-6 during oral candidosis was established. Using sap mutants, produced by targeted gene disruption, a prominent role for SAP1-6 during murine disseminated infections and for SAP1-3 during rat vaginal infections could be demonstrated. These data underline the general importance of extracellular proteinases for the pathogenesis in C. albicans infections.

PMID:
17655411
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