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Genomics. 1991 Sep;11(1):135-44.

The use of synthetic tandem repeats to isolate new VNTR loci: cloning of a human hypermutable sequence.

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1
Centre d'Etudes du Bouchet, Vert le Petit, France.

Abstract

Synthetic tandem repeats (STRs) of oligonucleotides have previously been shown to detect polymorphic loci in the human genome. Here, we report results from the use of three such probes to screen a human cosmid library. Nine of the 45 positive clones that were analyzed appear to contain highly polymorphic minisatellite or VNTR loci. The degree of enrichment for minisatellite sequences varied with the choice of STR: one provided a 15- to 20-fold enrichment (4 polymorphic loci among 10 clones), whereas 2 others gave a 3- to 5-fold enrichment (5 polymorphic probes in a total of 35 clones) compared to random screening. The 9 VNTR markers have been localized by linkage analysis in the CEPH panel and/or by in situ hybridization. Eight probes identify new loci, one of which maps to an interstitial region. One of the VNTR loci (identified by probe CEB1) was found to be hypermutable, with 52 mutation events identified among 310 children characterized in 40 CEPH families. The parental origin of the mutation could be identified in all instances, and only one mutation was found to be of maternal origin. The mutation rate in males was estimated to be approximately 15%. Segregation analysis of flanking markers suggests that mutations are not associated with crossing over. As the only previously described hypermutable minisatellite loci in humans have equal rates of male and female mutations, these observations establish that a second type of hypermutable minisatellite exists in the human genome. In neither case does the generation of new alleles appear to be associated with unequal crossing over.

PMID:
1765371
DOI:
10.1016/0888-7543(91)90110-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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