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Mol Cell Neurosci. 2007 Sep;36(1):13-26. Epub 2007 Jun 27.

CaMKII and CaMKIV mediate distinct prosurvival signaling pathways in response to depolarization in neurons.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.

Abstract

By fusing the CaMKII-inhibitory peptide AIP to GFP, we constructed a specific and effective CaMKII inhibitor, GFP-AIP. Expression of GFP-AIP and/or dominant-inhibitory CaMKIV in cultured neonatal rat spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) shows that CaMKII and CaMKIV act additively and in parallel to mediate the prosurvival effect of depolarization. Depolarization or expression of constitutively active CaMKII functionally inactivates Bad, indicating that this is one means by which CaMKII promotes neuronal survival. CaMKIV, but not CaMKII, requires CREB to promote SGN survival, consistent with the exclusively nuclear localization of CaMKIV and indicating that the principal prosurvival function of CaMKIV is activation of CREB. Consistent with this, a constitutively active CREB construct that provides a high level of CREB activity promotes SGN survival, although low levels of CREB activity did not do so. Also, in apoptotic SGNs, activation of CREB by depolarization is disabled, presumably as part of a cellular commitment to apoptosis.

PMID:
17651987
PMCID:
PMC2040167
DOI:
10.1016/j.mcn.2007.05.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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