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Proteomics. 2007 Aug;7(15):2541-52.

Computational analysis of human protein interaction networks.

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  • 1Department of Computational Biology and Applied Algorithmics, Max Planck Institute for Informatics, Saarbrücken, Germany.


Large amounts of human protein interaction data have been produced by experiments and prediction methods. However, the experimental coverage of the human interactome is still low in contrast to predicted data. To gain insight into the value of publicly available human protein network data, we compared predicted datasets, high-throughput results from yeast two-hybrid screens, and literature-curated protein-protein interactions. This evaluation is not only important for further methodological improvements, but also for increasing the confidence in functional hypotheses derived from predictions. Therefore, we assessed the quality and the potential bias of the different datasets using functional similarity based on the Gene Ontology, structural iPfam domain-domain interactions, likelihood ratios, and topological network parameters. This analysis revealed major differences between predicted datasets, but some of them also scored at least as high as the experimental ones regarding multiple quality measures. Therefore, since only small pair wise overlap between most datasets is observed, they may be combined to enlarge the available human interactome data. For this purpose, we additionally studied the influence of protein length on data quality and the number of disease proteins covered by each dataset. We could further demonstrate that protein interactions predicted by more than one method achieve an elevated reliability.

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