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J Immunol. 2007 Aug 1;179(3):1803-13.

Efficient cross-presentation by heat shock protein 90-peptide complex-loaded dendritic cells via an endosomal pathway.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan.


It is well-established that heat shock proteins (HSPs)-peptides complexes elicit antitumor responses in prophylactic and therapeutic immunization protocols. HSPs such as gp96 and Hsp70 have been demonstrated to undergo receptor-mediated uptake by APCs with subsequent representation of the HSP-associated peptides to MHC class I molecules on APCs, facilitating efficient cross-presentation. On the contrary, despite its abundant expression among HSPs in the cytosol, the role of Hsp90 for the cross-presentation remains unknown. We show here that exogenous Hsp90-peptide complexes can gain access to the MHC class I presentation pathway and cause cross-presentation by bone marrow-derived dendritic cells. Interestingly, this presentation is TAP independent, and followed chloroquine, leupeptin-sensitive, as well as cathepsin S-dependent endosomal pathways. In addition, we show that Hsp90-chaperoned precursor peptides are processed and transferred onto MHC class I molecules in the endosomal compartment. Furthermore, we demonstrate that immunization with Hsp90-peptide complexes induce Ag-specific CD8(+) T cell responses and strong antitumor immunity in vivo. These findings have significant implications for the design of T cell-based cancer immunotherapy.

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