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Injury. 2008 May;39(5):578-85. Epub 2007 Jul 20.

Pain prevalence and pain relief in trauma patients in the Accident & Emergency department.

Author information

1
Accident & Emergency Department, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. S.Berben@csscb.umcn.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acute pain in the A&E department (ED) has been described as a problem, however insight into the problem for trauma patients is lacking.

OBJECTIVE:

This study describes the prevalence of pain, the pain intensity and the effect of conventional pain treatment in trauma patients in the ED.

METHODS:

In a prospective cohort study of 450 trauma patients, pain was measured on admission and at discharge, using standardized and validated pain instruments.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of pain was high, both on admission (91%) and at discharge (86%). Two thirds of the trauma patients reported moderate or severe pain at discharge. Few patients received pharmacological or non-pharmacological pain relieving treatment during their stay in the ED. Pain decreased in 37% of the patients, did not change at all in 46%, or had increased in 17% of the patients at discharge from the ED. The most effective pain treatment given was a combination of injury treatment and supplementary pharmacological interventions, however this treatment was given to a small group of patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Acute pain in trauma patients is a significant problem in the ED's. Pain itself does not seem to be treated systematically and sufficiently, anywhere in the cycle of injury treatment in the ED.

PMID:
17640644
DOI:
10.1016/j.injury.2007.04.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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