Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neuron. 2007 Jul 19;55(2):247-60.

Rapsyn interaction with calpain stabilizes AChR clusters at the neuromuscular junction.

Author information

1
Institute of Neuroscience and Key Laboratory of Neurobiology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.

Abstract

Agrin induces, whereas acetylcholine (ACh) disperses, ACh receptor (AChR) clusters during neuromuscular synaptogenesis. Such counteractive interaction leads to eventual dispersal of nonsynaptic AChR-rich sites and formation of receptor clusters at the postjunctional membrane. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here we show that calpain, a calcium-dependent protease, is activated by the cholinergic stimulation and is required for induced dispersion of AChR clusters. Interestingly, the AChR-associated protein rapsyn interacted with calpain in an agrin-dependent manner, and this interaction inhibited the protease activity of calpain. Disrupting the endogenous rapsyn/calpain interaction enhanced CCh-induced dispersion of AChR clusters. Moreover, the loss of AChR clusters in agrin mutant mice was partially rescued by the inhibition of calpain via overexpressing calpastatin, an endogenous calpain inhibitor, or injecting calpeptin, a cell-permeable calpain inhibitor. These results demonstrate that calpain participates in ACh-induced dispersion of AChR clusters, and rapsyn stabilizes AChR clusters by suppressing calpain activity.

PMID:
17640526
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuron.2007.06.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center