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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2007 Oct;51(1):58-69. Epub 2007 Jul 19.

A comparison of immunogenicity and protective immunity against experimental plague by intranasal and/or combined with oral immunization of mice with attenuated Salmonella serovar Typhimurium expressing secreted Yersinia pestis F1 and V antigen.

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Institute of Preventive Medicine, National Defence Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.


We investigated the relative immunogenicity and protective efficacy of recombinant X85MF1 and X85V strains of DeltacyaDeltacrpDeltaasd-attenuated Salmonella Typhimurium expressing, respectively, secreted Yersinia pestis F1 and V antigens, following intranasal (i.n.) or i.n. combined with oral immunization for a mouse model. A single i.n. dose of 10(8) CFU of X85MF1 or X85V induced appreciable serum F1- or V-specific IgG titres, although oral immunization did not. Mice i.n. immunized three times (i.n. x 3) with Salmonella achieved the most substantial F1/V-specific IgG titres, as compared with corresponding titres for an oral-primed, i.n.-boosted (twice; oral-i.n. x 2) immunization regimen. The level of V-specific IgG was significantly greater than that of F1-specific IgG (P<0.001). Analysis of the IgG antibodies subclasses revealed comparable levels of V-specific Th-2-type IgG1 and Th-1-type IgG2a, and a predominance of F1-specific Th-1-type IgG2a antibodies. In mice immunized intranasally, X85V stimulated a greater IL-10-secreting-cell response in the lungs than did X85MF1, but impaired the induction of gamma-interferon-secreting cells. A program of i.n. x 3 and/or oral-i.n. x 2 immunization with X85V provided levels of protection against a subsequent lethal challenge with Y. pestis, of, respectively, 60% and 20%, whereas 80% protection was provided following the same immunization but with X85MF1.

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