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J Vasc Access. 2002 Jul-Sep;3(3):127-34.

Internal jugular vein thrombosis after positioning CVC in dialysis patients: The most common ultrasound patterns.

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Department of Renal Disease, S. Michele Hospital, AO Brotzu, Cagliari - Italy.


Frequently patients are started on hemodialysis after the placement of a central venous catheter (temporary or tunneled) in the internal jugular vein (IJV). Currenty this procedure is facilitated by ultrasound probes that improve the rate of success of catheter placement in vessels and diminishes the possible complications, minimizing the gap between nephrologists with wide surgical expertise and those with limited surgical experience. Stenosis and thrombosis of the subclavia vein are well documented complications derived from the placement of the venous catheter. Internal jugular vein thrombosis is not seen very often due to scarce clinical evidence. In our paper we have been able to systematically document various extrinsic thrombotic complications outside the central venous catheter, by use of ultrasound (periluminar or related to the vessel).

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