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Leukemia. 2007 Nov;21(11):2324-31. Epub 2007 Jul 19.

Long-term follow-up of high-dose treatment with autologous haematopoietic progenitor cell support in 693 patients with follicular lymphoma: an EBMT registry study.

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Cancer Research UK Medical Oncology Unit, Institute of Cancer, Centre for Medical Oncology, Barts and the London, Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK.


To evaluate the outcome of a large series of patients who received high-dose treatment (HDT) for follicular lymphoma (FL), 693 patients undergoing HDT (total-body irradiation (TBI)-containing regimen: 58%; autologous bone marrow (BM)/peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPCs): 378/285 patients) were included in the study. A total of 375 patients (54%) developed recurrent lymphoma, 10-year progression-free survival (PFS) being 31%. On multivariate analysis, younger age (P=0.003) and HDT in first complete remission (CR1) (P<0.001) correlated with longer PFS. With a median follow-up of 10.3 years, 330 patients died. Ten-year overall survival (OS) from HDT was 52%. Shorter OS was associated on multivariate analysis with older age (P<0.001), chemoresistant disease (P<0.001), BM+PBPC as source of stem cells (P=0.007) and TBI-containing regimens (P=0.004). Thirty-nine patients developed secondary myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukaemia (MDS/AML), in 34 cases having received TBI as the conditioning regimen. The 5-year non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 9%. On multivariate analysis, older age (P<0.001), refractory disease (P<0.001) and TBI (P=0.04) were associated with a higher NRM. This long follow-up study shows a plateau in the PFS curve, suggesting that a selected group of patients might be cured with HDT. On the downside, TBI-containing regimens are associated with a negative impact on survival.

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