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Am J Med Genet A. 2007 Aug 15;143A(16):1906-11.

Variant Klinefelter syndrome 47,X,i(X)(q10),Y and normal 46,XY karyotype in monozygotic adult twins.

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Department of Biomedical Genetics, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Klinefelter syndrome (KS; 47, XXY) is characterized by increased body height, hypergonadotrophic hypogonadism, and infertility. We describe a patient with a variant KS (47,X,i(Xq),Y) who has a twin brother with a 46,XY karyotype. Molecular studies showed that the twins were monozygotic. The presence of an isochromosome Xq in one of two monozygotic twins allows precise investigation of its phenotypic effect. The patient was somewhat shorter (3.5 cm) and had a smaller volume of the testes (8 vs. 18 ml) as compared to his twin brother. Furthermore he had increased gonadotrophin levels and an extreme oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT). These data support the view that genes on Xp cause increased body height and genes on Xq cause infertility in KS. To our knowledge this is the first report on a heterokaryotypic monozygotic twin with a variant KS.

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