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Anaerobe. 2007 Jun-Aug;13(3-4):99-106. Epub 2007 Jun 7.

The division "Synergistes".

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King's College London Dental Institute at Guy's, King's College and St Thomas' Hospitals, Infection Research Group, London, SE1 9RT, UK.


The "Synergistes" group of organisms are a phylogenetic cluster of Gram-negative anaerobes related to Synergistes jonesii, sufficiently distinct from all other phyla to be considered a distinct phylum or Division. They are widely distributed in nature although normally only a minor constituent of the bacterial community in each habitat. They have evolved to adapt to each habitat, and therefore exhibit a wide range of physiological and biochemical characteristics, although all cultivable taxa so far studied have the ability to degrade amino acids. They are found in the human mouth where they appear to be more numerous in tooth and gum disease than health. They have also been found in the human gut and soft tissue infections. Their role in human disease has yet to be established but improved knowledge of the characteristics that enable their identification should increase the likelihood of their recognition when present at diseased sites.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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