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J Urol. 2007 Sep;178(3 Pt 1):886-90. Epub 2007 Jul 16.

Did patients with interstitial cystitis who failed to respond to initial treatment with bacillus Calmette-Guerin or placebo in a randomized clinical trial benefit from a second course of open label bacillus Calmette-Guerin?

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  • 1Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Blockley Hall, 6th Floor, 423 Guardian Dr., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.



We evaluated safety and efficacy outcomes in a case series of subjects who received open label intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin after failing to respond to bacillus Calmette-Guerin or intravesical placebo in a randomized clinical trial.


Subjects who met National Institutes of Health-National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases criteria for IC and reported at least moderate pain and frequency were initially randomized to 6 weekly intravesical instillations of bacillus Calmette-Guerin or placebo and followed for a total of 34 weeks. At 34 weeks subjects who reported that they had not responded to treatment were offered treatment with open label bacillus Calmette-Guerin, using the same course of treatment and followup. Outcomes included a patient reported global response assessment, a 24-hour voiding diary, pain, urgency, validated interstitial cystitis symptom indexes and adverse events.


A total of 156 subjects elected open label bacillus Calmette-Guerin, of whom 18 (12%) withdrew during the open label series. The response rate based on the global response assessment was 18% and it was identical between those initially randomized to placebo (first course of bacillus Calmette-Guerin in the open label series) and those initially randomized to bacillus Calmette-Guerin (second course). Small improvements were observed for most secondary efficacy outcomes. Most participants reported at least 1 adverse event, primarily pain, genitourinary symptoms and gastrointestinal disturbances. However, there was no difference in adverse events between those who received the first course of bacillus Calmette-Guerin in this series compared to those who received 2 courses.


The low response rate for bacillus Calmette-Guerin in this open label case series further argues against the routine use of bacillus Calmette-Guerin as treatment for interstitial cystitis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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