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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Jul 17;50(3):261-7. Epub 2007 Jun 13.

Increased late mortality after sirolimus-eluting stents versus bare-metal stents in diseased saphenous vein grafts: results from the randomized DELAYED RRISC Trial.

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  • 1Antwerp Cardiovascular Institute Middelheim, AZ Middelheim, Antwerp, Belgium.



We sought to provide long-term follow-up data of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) versus bare-metal stents (BMS) in saphenous vein grafts (SVG) from the RRISC (Reduction of Restenosis In Saphenous vein grafts with Cypher) trial.


We have previously shown that, in SVG, the use of SES reduces 6-month restenosis and repeated revascularization procedures versus the use of BMS. These data are consistent with trials in native coronary arteries. However, recently published long-term follow-up data of these trials have revealed an increased risk of adverse events (particularly very late stent thrombosis) after SES.


A total of 75 patients with 96 SVG lesions were randomized to SES versus BMS. All patients underwent clinical follow-up up to 3 years. Specific outcomes assessed in this secondary post-hoc analysis were all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization.


Thirty-eight patients received 60 SES for 47 lesions, whereas 37 patients received 54 BMS for 49 lesions. At a median follow-up time of 32 months (interquartile range 26.5 to 36 months), 11 deaths (7 cardiac, of which 1 was caused by very late stent thrombosis and, 3 were sudden) occurred after SES (29% [95% confidence interval (CI) 17% to 45%]) versus 0 after BMS (0% [95% CI 0% to 9%]) with an absolute difference of 29% ([95% CI 14% to 45%], p < 0.001). The rates of myocardial infarction and target vessel revascularization were not different: 18% and 34% after SES, respectively, versus 5% and 38% after BMS, respectively (p = 0.15 and p = 0.74, respectively).


In this secondary post-hoc analysis, BMS were associated with lower long-term mortality than SES for SVG disease. Also, the 6-month reduction in repeated revascularization procedures with SES was lost at longer-term follow-up. (RRISC Study: Reduction of Restenosis In Saphenous Vein Grafts With Cypher Sirolimus-Eluting Stent;; NCT00263263).

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