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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Jul 17;50(3):253-60. Epub 2007 Jun 29.

Percutaneous cardiac recirculation-mediated gene transfer of an inhibitory phospholamban peptide reverses advanced heart failure in large animals.

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Baker Heart Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia.



The purpose of this study was to develop a clinically applicable high-efficiency percutaneous means of therapeutic gene delivery to the failing heart.


Substantial advances in the understanding of the cellular and molecular basis of heart failure (HF) have recently fostered interest in the potential utility of gene and cell therapy as novel therapeutic approaches. However, successful clinical translation is currently limited by the lack of safe, efficient, and selective delivery systems.


We developed a novel percutaneous closed-loop recirculatory system that provides homogeneous myocardial delivery for gene transfer in the failing large animal heart. After 4 weeks' rapid pacing in adult sheep to induce HF, the animals were randomly allocated to receive either adenovirus expressing a pseudophosphorylated mutant (AdS16E) of phospholamban (PLN) or Ad-beta-galactosidase (AdLacZ).


Two weeks after gene delivery, in the presence of continued pacing, left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction had significantly improved in the AdS16E-treated animals (27 +/- 3% to 50 +/- 4%; p < 0.001), whereas a further decline occurred in the AdLacZ group (34 +/- 4% to 27 +/- 3%; p < 0.05). In conjunction, AdS16E delivery resulted in significant reductions in LV filling pressures and end-diastolic diameter (both p < 0.05). In conjunction, AdS16E-treated animals showed significant improvement in the expression of PLN and Ca2+-adenosine triphosphatase activity. In separate animals, recirculating AdLacZ delivery was shown to achieve superior myocardial gene expression in contrast to intracoronary delivery and was associated with lower systemic expression.


We report the development of a novel closed-loop system for cardiac gene therapy. Using this approach delivery of AdS16E reversed HF progression in a large animal HF model.

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