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Semin Hematol. 2007 Jul;44(3):193-202.

Hematopoietic growth factors for hematopoietic stem cell mobilization and expansion.

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Department of Medicine II, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.


During inflammation and cytopenia, increased levels of hematopoietic growth factors (HPGFs) induce mobilization and proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells and hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs), resulting in spatial and quantitative in vivo expansion of the hematopoietic tissue. Exogenous administration of recombinant HPGFs, particularly granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), is routine for mobilization of stem cells, followed by collection and transplantation of autologous or allogeneic stem cells. In this review, we summarize experience using different HPGFs and HPGF combinations for stem cell mobilization, such as G-CSF, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interleukin-3 (IL-3), stem cell factor (SCF), and others. Preclinical and clinical studies of so-called early- and late-acting HPGFs for ex vivo expansion of HPCs are discussed, also with respect to the unresolved question whether expansion of repopulating stem cells can be achieved in vitro.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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