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Neurobiol Aging. 2009 Feb;30(2):229-40. Epub 2007 Jul 16.

Small heat shock proteins associated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy of hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis (Dutch type) induce interleukin-6 secretion.

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1
Department of Neurology and Alzheimer Centre, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, The Netherlands.

Abstract

In hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis of the Dutch type (HCHWA-D), severe cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is associated with an inflammatory reaction. Small heat shock proteins (sHsps) are molecular chaperones and association of HspB8 with CAA in HCHWA-D has been observed. The aims of this study were to investigate (1) if other sHsps are associated with the pathological lesions in HCHWA-D brains, (2) if the amyloid-beta protein (A beta) increases production of sHsps in cultured cerebral cells and (3) if sHsps are involved in the cerebral inflammatory processes in both Alzheimer's disease (AD) and HCHWA-D. We conclude that Hsp20, HspB8 and HspB2 are present in CAA in HCHWA-D, and that A beta did not affect cellular sHsps expression in cultured human brain pericytes and astrocytes. In addition, we demonstrated that Hsp20, HspB2 and HspB8 induced interleukin-6 production in cultured pericytes and astrocytes, which could be antagonized by dexamethasone, whereas other sHsps and A beta were inactive, suggesting that sHsps may be among the key mediators of the local inflammatory response associated with HCHWA-D and AD lesions.

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