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Int J Infect Dis. 2008 Jan;12(1):62-70. Epub 2007 Jul 12.

Diarrhea and fever as risk factors for anemia among children under age five living in urban slum areas of Indonesia.

Author information

1
The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 550 N. Broadway, Suite 700, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. rdsemba@jhmi.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To characterize diarrhea and fever as risk factors for anemia among children in developing countries.

METHODS:

We characterized risk factors for anemia in a sample of 32873 children, aged 6-59 months, from poor families in urban slum areas of Indonesia from 2000 to 2003.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of anemia was 58.7%. In separate multivariate models, after adjusting for age, sex, stunting, maternal age and education, and weekly per capita household expenditure, current diarrhea (OR 1.20, 95% CI 1.07-1.35, p=0.002), current fever (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.18-1.75, p<0.0001), and a history of diarrhea in the previous seven days (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.03-1.23, p=0.024) were associated with an increased risk of anemia.

CONCLUSIONS:

Diarrhea and fever are important risk factors for anemia among young children living in urban slum communities in Indonesia.

PMID:
17629535
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijid.2007.04.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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