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J Am Chem Soc. 2007 Aug 8;129(31):9691-703. Epub 2007 Jul 13.

Molecular engineering of intensely near-infrared absorbing excited states in highly conjugated oligo(porphinato)zinc-(polypyridyl)metal(II) supermolecules.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6323, USA.


A new series of chromophores, MPZn(n), which combine ethyne-bridged bis(terpyridyl)metal(II)-(porphinato)zinc(II) (MPZ(n)) and oligomeric, ethyne-bridged (porphinato)zinc(II) (PZn(n)) architectures, have been synthesized and characterized, along with a series of derivatives bearing pyrrolidinyl electron-releasing groups on the ancillary terpyridine units (Pyr(m)MPZn(n)). Cyclic voltammetric studies, as well as NMR, electronic absorption, fluorescence, and femtosecond pump-probe transient absorption spectroscopies, have been employed to study the ground- and excited-state properties of these unusual chromophores. All of these species possess intensely absorbing excited states having large spectral bandwidth that penetrate deep in the near-infrared (NIR) energy regime. Electronic structural variation of the molecular framework shows that the excited-state absorption maximum can be extensively modulated [lambdamax(T(1) --> T(n))] (880 nm < lambdamax < 1126 nm), while concomitantly maintaining impressively large T(1) --> T(n) absorption manifold spectral bandwidth (full width at half-maximum, fwhm, approximately 2000-2500 cm(-1)). Furthermore, these studies enable correlation of supermolecular electronic structure with the magnitude of the excited-state lifetime (tau(es)) and demonstrate that this parameter can be modulated over 4 orders of magnitude ( approximately 1 ns < tau(es) < 45 micros). Terpyridyl pyrrolidinyl substituents can be utilized to destabilize terpyridyl ligand pi(*) energy levels and diminish the E1/2 (M3+/2+) value of the bis(terpyridyl)metal(II) center: such perturbations determine the relative energies of the PZn(n)-derived 1pi-pi(*) and bis(terpyridyl)metal(II) charge-transfer states and establish whether the T(1)-state wave functions of MPZn(n) and PyrmMPZn(n) species manifest the extensive electronic delocalization and charge-separated (CS) features characteristic of long-lived triplet states that absorb strongly in the NIR.


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