Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Fertil Steril. 2007 Oct;88(4):957-64. Epub 2007 Jul 12.

Effects of cellular phone emissions on sperm motility in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effects of cellular phone emissions on rat sperm cells.

DESIGN:

Classic experimental.

SETTING:

Animal research laboratory.

SUBJECTS:

Sixteen 3-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 250-300 g.

INTERVENTION(S):

Rats in the experimental group were exposed to two 3-hour periods of daily cellular phone emissions for 18 weeks; sperm samples were then collected for evaluation.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Evaluation of sperm motility, sperm cell morphology, total sperm cell number, and mRNA levels for two cell surface adhesion proteins.

RESULT(S):

Rats exposed to 6 hours of daily cellular phone emissions for 18 weeks exhibited a significantly higher incidence of sperm cell death than control group rats through chi-squared analysis. In addition, abnormal clumping of sperm cells was present in rats exposed to cellular phone emissions and was not present in control group rats.

CONCLUSION(S):

These results suggest that carrying cell phones near reproductive organs could negatively affect male fertility.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center