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Vet Microbiol. 2007 Dec 15;125(3-4):323-32. Epub 2007 Jun 6.

Campylobacter succession in broiler chickens.

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  • 1Division of Food Sciences, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK.

Abstract

The competitive ability of Campylobacter coli OR12 over C. jejuni OR1 has been examined in experimental broiler chickens following the observation that C. coli replaced an established C. jejuni intestinal colonisation within commercial chicken flocks reared outdoors [El-Shibiny, A., Connerton, P.L., Connerton, I.F., 2005. Enumeration and diversity of campylobacters and bacteriophages isolated during the rearing cycles of free-range and organic chickens. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71, 1259-1266]. Co-cultures of C. coli OR12 with C. jejuni OR1, revealed that the two species were able to grow together at similar growth rates in exponential growth phase but if the disparity of the inoculum ratios were >log(10)4 in favour of C. coli OR12, C. jejuni OR1 was observed to prematurely enter decline phase. Chickens were pre-colonised with C. jejuni OR1 at 21-days-old to examine succession in vivo. The birds were inoculated between 2 and 12 days later with C. coli OR12, to determine if the second isolate could efficiently colonise and compete with an established C. jejuni strain. C. coli OR12 were able to co-colonise before replacing C. jejuni OR1 as the dominant species when the birds were more than 27 days of age at the time of administration over a 4-day period. If these criteria were met C. coli OR12 became the dominant isolate otherwise co-colonisation occurred until they were met. C. coli OR12 was also found to displace three alternative C. jejuni strains from pre-colonised chickens challenged with C. coli OR12 at 30 days of age and tested at 40 days. These data raise the possibility of manipulating populations of Campylobacter colonising chickens through competition.

PMID:
17628357
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetmic.2007.05.023
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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