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J Proteome Res. 2007 Aug;6(8):3134-42. Epub 2007 Jul 11.

Protein expression in the striatum and cortex regions of the brain for a mouse model of Huntington's disease.

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Department of Chemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA.


Liquid chromatography (LC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) and database assignment methods have been used to conduct a large-scale proteome survey of the R6/2 mouse model of Huntington's disease (HD). Although the neuropathological mechanisms of HD are not known, the mutant huntingtin gene that causes the disease is thought to alter gene transcription, leading to a cascade of neurotoxic events. In this report, we have focused on characterizing changes in the brain proteome associated with HD pathophysiology. Differences in the relative abundances of proteins (R6/2 compared to wild type) in brain tissue from the striatum and cortex, two primary loci of dysfunction in HD, were assessed by using a label-free approach based on calibrations to internal standards. In total, assignments were made for approximately 400 proteins. A set of criteria was used to establish 160 high confidence assignments, approximately 30% of which appear to show differences in expression relative to wild type (WT) animals. Many of the proteins that were differentially expressed are known to be associated with neurotransmission and likely play key roles in HD etiology. This study is the first to report that the majority of differentially expressed proteins in the striatum are up-regulated, while the majority of the expressed proteins in the cortex are down-regulated. The differentially expressed proteins identified in this proteomic screen may be potential biomarkers and drug targets for HD and may further our understanding of the disease pathology.

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