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Klin Wochenschr. 1991 Oct 18;69(16):763-8.

Arterial baroreflex sensitivity and blood pressure variabilities before and after carotid surgery.

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Interne Gefässambulanz, Hanuschkrankenhaus Wien.


Carotid surgery is frequently associated with postoperative blood pressure alterations. The role of baroreceptors with regard to these alterations was assessed in 50 patients by determining the pre- and postoperative mechanoreceptor sensitivity after Valsalva maneuver and intravenous injections of angiotensin and nitroglycerine as described by Smyth, Sleight and Pickering. In addition, blood pressure was monitored perioperatively and renin and aldosterone levels were measured. In patients with arterial hypertension a postoperative increase of receptor reactivity can be seen necessitating a reduction of antihypertensive therapy in more than 50% of cases. In normotensive patients no uniform response can be observed. A possible explanation for this effect might be the local increase of pressure in the operated vascular segment. The postoperative reintegration of receptor areas which had been adjusted to a reduced pressure level might induce a more sensitive response than can be seen for the remaining receptors, which usually are less responsive in hypertensive patients.

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