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Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Oct;293(4):E932-40. Epub 2007 Jul 10.

beta-Adrenoceptor signaling in regenerating skeletal muscle after beta-agonist administration.

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Basic and Clinical Myology Laboratory, Dept. of Physiology, The Univ. of Melbourne, Victoria, 3010 Australia.


Stimulating the beta-adrenoceptor (beta-AR) signaling pathway can enhance the functional repair of skeletal muscle after injury, but long-term use of beta-AR agonists causes beta-AR downregulation, which may limit their therapeutic effectiveness. The aim was to examine beta-AR signaling during early regeneration in rat fast-twitch [extensor digitorum longus (EDL)] and slow-twitch (soleus) muscles after bupivacaine injury and test the hypothesis that, during regeneration, beta-agonist administration does not cause beta-AR desensitization. Rats received either the beta-AR agonist fenoterol (1.4 mgxkg(-1)xday(-1) ip) or saline for 7 days postinjury. Fenoterol reduced beta-AR density in regenerating soleus muscles by 42%. Regenerating EDL muscles showed a threefold increase in beta-AR density, and, again, these values were 43% lower with fenoterol treatment. An amplified adenylate cyclase (AC) response to isoproterenol was observed in cell membrane fragments from EDL and soleus muscles 7 days postinjury. Fenoterol attenuated this increase in regenerating EDL muscles but not soleus muscles. beta-AR signaling mechanisms were assessed using AC stimulants (NaF, forskolin, and Mn(2+)). Although beta-agonist treatment reduces beta-AR density in regenerating muscles, these muscles can produce large cAMP responses relative to healthy (uninjured) muscles. Desensitization of beta-AR signaling in regenerating muscles is prevented by altered rates of beta-AR synthesis and/or degradation, changes in G protein populations and coupling efficiency, and altered AC activity. These mechanisms have important therapeutic implications for modulating beta-AR signaling to enhance muscle repair after injury.

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