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Kidney Int. 1991 Nov;40(5):868-73.

Subfractions in uremic plasma ultrafiltrate inhibit calcitriol metabolism.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School.


Previous study from our laboratory has demonstrated that uremic plasma ultrafiltrate suppresses both the production rate (PR) and metabolic clearance rate (MCR) of calcitriol in normal rats. To characterize the the substances responsible for the suppression of the synthesis and degradation of calcitriol, we fractionated 20 ml uremic plasma ultrafiltrates into 13 fractions using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and studied the effect of each fraction on calcitriol metabolism. We measured the MCR and PR of calcitriol in normal rats after they were infused for 20 hours with each fraction dissolved in 20 ml normal saline. Using a UV absorption and fluorescence emission technique, several known uremic compounds were identified as individual peaks corresponding to the fractions. We found that fractions 4, and 6 to 13 markedly reduced the MCR of calcitriol. The patterns of the MCR suppression by the HPLC fractions suggest that there were at least two groups of chemically distinguishable compounds. Infusion of a solution containing all 13 fractions of the uremic ultrafiltrate also inhibited the calcitriol synthesis. One of the 13 fractions (fraction 4, containing uric acid, xanthine, and hypoxanthine) was further fractionated into eight subfractions. Infusion of subfractions 4 to 7 markedly reduced both the PR and MCR of calcitriol. We conclude that uremic plasma ultrafiltrate contains factors that inhibit calcitriol synthesis and degradation. These substances have molecular weight less than 2,000 Daltons.

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