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J Child Neurol. 2007 Feb;22(2):232-7.

Focal cortical malformations can show asymmetrically higher uptake on interictal fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET).

Author information

1
Division of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology, Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. annapurna.poduri@ childrens.harvard.edu

Abstract

Interictal fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) is a component of the presurgical evaluation of patients with medically intractable epilepsy, including patients with malformations of cortical development. The authors describe 3 cases of focal cortical malformations that displayed asymmetrically higher uptake on FDG-PET performed in the interictal state in patients undergoing evaluation for possible focal resection for refractory localization-related epilepsy. The evaluation included routine and prolonged video electroencephalography (EEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), interictal FDG-PET with concurrent EEG, and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). All 3 patients had focal cortical malformations on MRI corresponding to regions of asymmetrically higher uptake on FDG-PET. EEG confirmed that the FDG-PET studies were performed in the interictal state. The lesions included a large region of subcortical heterotopia in the right frontal lobe, a left temporal lobe dysplasia, and a region of subcortical heterotopia in the right occipital lobe. In both patients with subcortical heterotopia, there were other focal regions of cortical malformation that were not associated with abnormal or asymmetric uptake on FDG-PET. Previous reports describe decreased uptake on interictal PET in most cases of focal cortical malformations. Normal to increased uptake has been reported with band heterotopia. The authors demonstrate that other types of focal malformations of cortical development, including focal subcortical heterotopia and lobar dysplasia, can be associated with asymmetrically higher uptake on interictal FDG-PET.

PMID:
17621491
DOI:
10.1177/0883073807300305
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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