Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Shock. 2007 Dec;28(6):700-3.

Local stimulation of alpha7 cholinergic receptors inhibits LPS-induced TNF-alpha release in the mouse lung.

Author information

Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


The cholinergic nervous system can inhibit the release of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha from LPS-stimulated macrophages. Acetylcholine, the principal neurotransmitter of the vagus nerve, is the key mediator of this so-called cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, specifically interacting with alpha7 cholinergic receptors expressed by macrophages and other cell types to inhibit TNF-alpha production. The aim of the current study was to determine the capacity of the selective alpha7 cholinergic receptor agonist 3-(2,4-dimethoxybenzylidene) anabaseine (GTS-21), administered locally into the airways, to inhibit LPS-induced inflammatory responses in the mouse lung in vivo. GTS-21 dose-dependently inhibited LPS-induced TNF-alpha release by MH-S mouse alveolar macrophages in vitro. Intranasal inoculation with GTS-21 also dose-dependently inhibited TNF-alpha release into the lung compartment after intrapulmonary delivery of LPS in mice in vivo, whereas IL-6 concentrations were not affected. However, GTS-21 did not influence the influx of neutrophils into bronchoalveolar lavage fluid elicited by LPS and increased the concentrations of the neutrophil-attracting chemokines cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant and macrophage inflammatory protein 2. These data indicate that local administration of GTS-21 inhibits TNF-alpha release in the lung during LPS-induced inflammation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wolters Kluwer
    Loading ...
    Support Center