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Behav Sci Law. 2007;25(4):603-14.

Criminality and continued DUI offense: criminal typologies and recidivism among repeat offenders.

Author information

1
Division of Addictions, Second Floor, 101 Station Landing, 2nd Floor, Medford, MA 02155, USA. rlabrie@hms.harvard.edu

Abstract

We examined over 20,000 arraignment records to define criminal typologies and post-treatment driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) convictions for a select cohort of 1,281 repeat DUI offenders who were offered and elected treatment as an alternative to incarceration; we compared this information with a similar data analysis collected 20 years previously. Analyses of 8,600 prior-to-treatment convictions defined four basic crime profiles: only DUI and other substance-related offenses (60%), plus crimes against property (18%), plus crimes against people (8%), plus crimes against both property and people (13%). During the six years after inpatient treatment, 15.5% of the cohort was convicted of another DUI. The reoffense rate was significantly different across criminal types and was not related to the time post treatment years at risk. The findings show there has been no significant improvement in treatment outcome over the last 20 years. New and innovative DUI offender policies and practices are needed to better engage the heterogeneous offender population, and reduce the incidence of repeat DUI.

PMID:
17620272
DOI:
10.1002/bsl.769
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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