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J Immunol Methods. 2007 Aug 31;325(1-2):96-103. Epub 2007 Jun 27.

Immunochemical assay for deoxyribonuclease activity in body fluids.

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Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 8, Lavrentiev Ave., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia.


We have developed two microtiter plate assays to quantify the deoxyribonuclease activity in biological fluids. Both assays are based on hydrolysis of biotinylated and fluorescein-labeled DNA substrates, with subsequent immunochemical detection of non-digested DNA. The assay based on hydrolysis of 974 bp PCR product labeled with biotinylated forward and fluorescein-labeled reverse primers is more sensitive (0.05 U/ml) and convenient for quantifying the DNase activity in biological fluids than the assay based on hydrolysis of double-labeled 20 bp oligonucleotide. The DNase activity in urine and blood plasma of healthy donors was measured using the PCR product-based assay. Urine samples revealed greater activity, 1.49+/-1.41 U/ml; blood plasma DNase I-like activity was 0.36+/-0.20 U/ml. DNase II-like activity was not detected in the plasma samples. The data obtained confirm that DNase I-like enzymes are responsible for the majority of deoxyribonuclease activity in blood plasma.

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