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Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2007 Jul;7(4):342-7.

Pediatric sleep and epilepsy.

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  • 1New York Sleep Institute, 724 Second Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA.


Sleep disorders are common in childhood. The prevalence of childhood sleep disorders is higher in chronic neurologic disorders, specifically epilepsy. Sleep needs, requirements, and structure are different in children compared with adults. These variables are disrupted severely in patients with epilepsy. Electroencephalogram abnormalities, nocturnal seizures, and medications may contribute further to sleep problems and affect daytime functioning. These sleep disturbances may worsen seizure control and affect quality of life. This article offers an overview of the normal sleep patterns in children, describes the interaction of electroencephalogram, sleep, and commonly found sleep disorders, and reviews the current literature of the main sleep disturbances found in children with epilepsy.

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