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J Comp Neurol. 1991 Oct 22;312(4):549-60.

Gliosis during optic fiber regeneration in the goldfish: an immunohistochemical study.

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Department of Biology, McGill University, Montréal, Quebec, Canada.


Antisera directed against the 48 kDa and 50 kDa cytoskeletal antigens were used to examine changes in the astroglial fabric of the goldfish visual pathways following optic nerve crush. Several major observations are described. First, an optic nerve crush lesion in these animals appears to be devoid of glial cells for at least the first month after surgery. As a corollary, regenerating axons that grow across the lesion may do so over an aglial substrate. Once the axons cross the lesion, their growth is confined to the astroglial domains of the proximal nerve stump. In the optic nerve, gliosis comprises hypertrophy of astrocytic processes such that the open framework characterizing the normal nerve is obscured. In addition, during regeneration, optic nerve glia express large amounts of the 50 kDa cytoskeletal protein, which they ordinarily express at only minimal levels. In the optic tract, gliosis is reflected in a markedly increased expression of the 50 kDa protein as well as an apparent increase in the number and complexity of glial processes. In addition, optic tract glia begin to express the 48 kDa antigen during regeneration. This protein is ordinarily confined for the most part to the optic nerve and is not seen in the tract glia. Finally, no obvious changes were seen in the glia of the optic tectum. These results demonstrate many points of similarity between gliosis in the goldfish and in mammals. However, in some particulars the two responses differ, and it is possible that these differences are related to the differing ability of central axons to regenerate in the two groups of organisms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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