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J Clin Immunol. 1991 Nov;11(6):336-44.

Elevated monocyte interleukin-6 (IL-6) production in immunosppressed trauma patients. II. Downregulation by IL-4.

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Department of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester 01655.


Aberrant monocyte mediator production is pivotal in the development of posttrauma immunosuppression. We have previously shown that immunodepressed trauma patients' monocytes produce elevated interleukin-6, suggesting their in vivo preactivation. This study confirms that preactivated patients' Mø produce greater levels of IL-6 than normals' Mø to the same in the in vitro Fc gamma RI stimulation. We also demonstrate the capacity of interleukin-4 to downregulate the elevated interleukin-6 production of trauma patients' in vivo preactivated monocytes. Monocyte interleukin-6 downregulation by interleukin-4 is dose dependent and occurs whether Fc gamma RI cross-linking, muramyl dipeptide, indomethacin plus muramyl dipeptide, or interferon-gamma plus muramyl dipeptide is the interleukin-6 inducing stimulus. Furthermore, interleukin-4-dependent downregulation of monocyte interleukin-6 expression is confirmed at both the supernatant and the mRNA levels. Simultaneous downregulation of posttrauma elevated monokines implies a possible therapeutic benefit of interleukin-4 for trauma patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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